Whether it is sun spots, age spots, freckles, sun damage, or melasma – skin pigmentation is a common issue. Imperfections can be beautiful, but if not addressed appropriately, those tiny, brown spots adorning your cheeks or nose can become a real problem.
Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless. However, it may also indicate an underlying medical condition.
If you developed these spots due to a lack of proper skincare, you could take steps to fade them. You can also use natural methods instead of resorting to laser treatment. Scroll down to know everything about home remedies for,
What Is Skin Pigmentation?
Pigmentation is discoloration of the skin. This common problem in which you develop dark patches on your skin is faced by both men and women. It is caused by excess melanin – the pigment that gives you your natural skin tone. When this pigment forms a deposit in the skin, it causes pigmentation (or hyperpigmentation).
Note: Not all pigmentations are harmless. Some may be a sign of an underlying disease. Consult a doctor if you notice any skin discoloration.
There are several types of skin pigmentation – some may respond to treatment, and some may not. The most common types of skin pigmentation are discussed in the following section.
Types Of Skin Pigmentation
- Age Spots Or Solar Lentiginosis (Liver Spots): These are the most common type of skin pigmentation and are formed due to sun damage. They are found in the areas frequently exposed to the sun.
- Melasma Or Chloasma: This is characterized by spots similar to age spots but covering a large area on the skin. These spots mostly appear due to hormonal changes. For instance, during pregnancy, the hormones may trigger the overproduction of melanin and cause skin darkening.
- Freckles (Ephelides): These are caused by sun exposure. They appear as tiny dots and specks on your face and shoulder areas.
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): It is a condition in which your skin develops marks or spots as a result of an injury, burns, acne, or aggressive chemical treatment. It is also called hypopigmentation.
You may also face skin pigmentation disorders like:
- Vitiligo: It is an auto-immune condition, and the causes are still unknown. The melanocytes (melanin-producing cells) stop working and cause light patches on your skin. This condition can affect any or all of your body parts.
- Albinism: This is a genetic disorder. and People with albinism do not produce enough